Early people reached the Philippines already 700 000 years ago
Archaeologists have discovered on the Philippine island of Luzon chopped down rhinoceros bones and dozens of stone tools. This discovery is breakthrough because it was widely believed that the ancestors of the people only appeared in the Philippines 100,000 years ago, rather than 600,000 years earlier, as the traces reveal. Researchers wonder who exactly these people were and how they crossed the deep sea. Another problem is the fact that so far no remains of the Hominions have been found, which could be responsible for the colonization of the Philippines.
Scientists report that the fossil skeleton of the rhinoceros contains traces left by the instruments used to produce meat or bone marrow. In order to determine the exact age of the fossils, the researchers dated the enamel from one of the rhinoceros teeth, as well as quartz grains deposited in the layers of sediments above and below the bone, using EPR spectroscopy, which measures the accumulation of electrons in the material. The results date the layer of bottom sediment to about 727,000 years, the tooth of the rhinoceros to about 709,000 years, and the upper layer of sediment to about 701,000 years.
The question is, who were these people? It is certain that they were not representatives of the Homo Sapiens species, which only developed hundreds of thousands of years later in Africa. It is therefore suggested that Homo Erectus, who appeared about 2 million years ago, may be responsible for the colonisation of the area of today's Philippines. The bones of Homo Erectusa have already been discovered in China and on Java. No wonder that it is this species that is most suspected.
It is also worth noting that three thousand kilometers to the south, on the island of Flores in Indonesia, archaeologists discovered the fossils of H. floresiensis, an extinct hominid distinguished by its small body structure. Because of its small size, it is often called the "Hobbit". The species lived about 60,000 to 100,000 years ago and it seems that their characteristics, such as low growth, high feet and small brain, have evolved due to the long isolation period at Flores. Unfortunately, there is no evidence of his presence on the island of Luzon. However, their discovery in Flores indicates that many previously unknown species of people could live and evolve in Southeast Asia.
It is also mysterious how the ancestors of the people came to Luzon, which 700,000 years ago was surrounded by deep waters. Susan Antón, a New York University paleoanthropologist at New York University, has long been involved in Homo Erectus research and believes that his representatives have been quite clever. Recent research suggests that more than 130,000 years ago in the Mediterranean, Stone Age people used boats to move, although most researchers remain sceptical about the fact that ancient people deliberately crossed the southeastern seas of Asia so long ago. Most probably they were shifted to distant islands by tsunami waves, or they arrived in there on floating islands and debris torn apart during typhoons. It is assumed that Homo Erectus did not emigrate around the world by water on purpose, and by chance, ends up in Antón.